Are Prop Trading Firms technically Hedge funds

Prop Trading Firms  are a type of trading activity used by banks and other financial institutions that capitalizes from price changes in the asset markets. When a financial institution, such as an investment bank, commercial bank, Government institution, trades its own capital to invest in financial securities or essentially anything they can profit from, this is recognized as proprietary trading.

Online Proprietary businesses offer traders the capital they need to multiply their funds and make a living. Prop firms recognize that losses are a natural part of trading, therefore there isn’t much that can be done if traders can’t make profit for the company. Online firms are accessible to every retailer, while Hedge funds are not. Investment funds and the amount of assets under management have grown considerably during the past ten years.

Despite all the attention and the quick expansion, the legal definition of the word “investment fund” is still ambiguous. But everyone is aware that these type of funds are an exclusive form of investing for high-net-worth people and institutional investors. Both proprietary firms and investment funds participate in the same markets and use a lot of the same trading techniques. But ultimately, they are not identical in every way.

Comparison between Hedge funds and Prop firms

These two financial institution can be subdivided into:

  1. Strategy
  2. Fee
  3. Flexibility
  4. Strategy: To hedge simply means to protect your investment against unpredictable times. Hedge funds opt for a diverse type of investment strategy that makes use of a” well selected pool of investors’ money to generate annual returns using sophisticated trading strategies and aggressive asset management methods. A different business, known as Prop trading firm, uses their company’s own funds to invest.” Instead, “online prop businesses” provide their clients with capital so they may trade with them and benefit both the business and the clients.
  5. Fee: In addition to management fees, investment fund managers also charge an expensive amount for their services. The fees are frequently based on the fund’s performance over a predetermined time. After losses have been accumulated, the fund management must meet the promised rate or return over a predetermined level. On the other hand, Once their customer pay the fee to participate in trading with a larger account size and complete the two-step challenge to reach phase 3, or live account, proprietary businesses receive the profit split with the customers and the client gets money back.
  6. Flexibility: investment funds are subject to almost no constraints on their investment techniques and the asset classes they may invest in. They also have flexible investment rules. Hedge fund managers have an advantage over other asset management techniques like proprietary firms since investment funds are less regulated and SEC laws do not apply to them in any capacity. Proprietary firms, on the other hand, entails greater risks due to the fact that it does not involve customer money. Additionally, the Volcker Rule forbids big institutional banks from participating in proprietary trading.

Hedge funds can be Proprietary firms?

Hedge funds, can be Prop Trading Firms because they can trade their own capital like prop firms and the same instruments, using the same competitive trading techniques. However, in America, The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act includes the Volcker rule. Paul Volcker, an ex chairman of the Federal Reserve, made the suggestion. The regulation tries to prevent banks from engaging in specific speculative transactions that do not directly benefit their depositors. After the global financial crisis, when government authorities found that big banks were taking too many speculative risks, the law was suggested.

Volker stated that high-speculation investments made by commercial banks had an impact on the stability of the whole financial system. In order to reduce risk, commercial banks that engaged in proprietary trading boosted their usage of derivatives. But frequently, this raised danger in other areas.

According to the Volcker Rule, banks and organizations that hold banks are not allowed to engage in proprietary trading, own hedge funds, or participate in private equity funds. Banks prioritize satisfying consumers from a market-making perspective, and income is based on commissions. However, from the perspective of proprietary trading, the consumer is unimportant, and the banks take home all the money.